Aquincum Museum (Aquincumi Múzeum)

Aquincum Museum (Aquincumi Múzeum)

Aquincum Museum: Unveiling Budapest’s Roman Legacy

History and Origins

The Aquincum Museum in Óbuda is the primary repository of Budapest’s Roman-era archaeological and historical artifacts. The museum’s foundation in 1894 owes its existence to the diligent organizational work of Bálint Kuzsinszky, who led excavations in the area. The museum’s origins trace back to a discovery in 1778 when a local vineyard owner stumbled upon the remnants of a Roman floor heating system, or “hypocaustum,” in his garden. Schönvisner István, a university librarian, recognized the importance of this discovery and identified the location as the ancient city of Aquincum. Today, the Aquincum Museum operates as a branch of the Budapest History Museum.

Hugary - Budapest - Aquincum Museum

The Ruin Garden

Visitors can immerse themselves in the characteristics of Roman architecture, gaining insights into the structure of the erstwhile civilian town. Prominent landmarks such as the forum, public baths, and various sanctuaries reveal their dimensions and layouts. Remarkably preserved are the advanced floor heating systems from the early AD centuries and the remains of the water supply and sewage systems. A reconstructed bath from a bourgeois house is specially housed in a protective building. Additionally, beautifully adorned sarcophagi, gravestones, and memorial plaques populate the outdoor exhibition area alongside intricately carved architectural decorative motifs.

Permanent Exhibits: “Rome in Aquincum”

Housed in a space reminiscent of its original grandeur, this permanent exhibit showcases memories of the former governor’s palace. Notable pieces include the world-renowned Aquincum organ, restored mosaics from the palace, remnants of wall paintings, and monumental statues associated with sanctuaries. Also on display are a reconstructed fountain and carved stone ornamental vessel, reflecting the luxurious interior of the building.

Aquincum Museum

The Display Warehouse

Taking visitors on a chronological journey from the prehistoric era to the Hungarian conquest, the Display Warehouse meticulously catalogs the archaeological finds of Budapest and Aquincum. This renovated space, converted into an exhibition area, remains open even during winter months. A recent addition to the museum is a model of a Roman residential building. A mythological playground and a virtual experience area have also been developed to engage visitors of all ages.

Did you know about the Aquincum Museum?

The Aquincum Museum in Budapest, Hungary, is a significant archaeological museum and historical site primarily focused on the Roman period. Here are some key facts about the Aquincum Museum:

  1. Location and Historical Significance: The museum is in the Óbuda district of Budapest, on the site of the ancient Roman city of Aquincum, the capital of the Roman province of Pannonia Inferior.
  2. Roman Settlement: Aquincum was an important military base and civilian town during the Roman Empire. It played a crucial role in the region as a military stronghold and a center of commerce and culture.
  3. Museum Exhibits: The Aquincum Museum houses a rich collection of Roman artifacts, including sculptures, mosaics, tombstones, coins, and everyday household items. These exhibits provide insight into the daily life, culture, and art of the Roman inhabitants of Aquincum.
  4. Archaeological Park: Adjacent to the museum is an extensive archaeological park where visitors can see the remains of part of the ancient city. Highlights include restored Roman houses, public baths, a water organ, and the ruins of an amphitheater.
  5. Interactive and Educational Experience: The museum offers interactive exhibits and educational programs, making it an informative experience for visitors of all ages. It’s an excellent place to learn about the history and archaeology of the Roman era.
  6. Restoration and Preservation: Ongoing archaeological research and restoration work at Aquincum provide continuous insights into the Roman past. The museum plays a crucial role in preserving and interpreting these archaeological finds.
  7. Cultural Events: The Aquincum Museum hosts various cultural events, including Roman-themed festivals, workshops, and historical reenactments, bringing the ancient past to life for visitors.
  8. Tourist Attraction: The museum and the archaeological park are popular attractions for tourists interested in history and archaeology. It offers a unique glimpse into the Roman history of Budapest and the wider region.

The Aquincum Museum provides a window into Hungary’s Roman past, offering valuable insights into an era that significantly shaped the region’s history and cultural heritage.

Opening Hours
8:00 am - 4:00 pm
8:00 am - 4:00 pm
8:00 am - 4:00 pm
8:00 am - 4:00 pm
8:00 am - 4:00 pm
Contact Information for Aquincum Museum (Aquincumi Múzeum)